Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation, also known as AF, is an irregular and often very fast heart rate. This may cause symptoms like heart palpitations, fatigue, and shortness of breath. Treating atrial fibrillation is important because it may cause a stroke and negatively impact your quality of life. To find out more, click here to visit Dr Kumar’s website on AF.


Where there are high or abnormal levels of lipids (cholesterol or blood fats) in the blood.


A reduced oxygen supply to an area of the body caused by clogging or narrowing of the arteries resulting in a reduced blood supply.

Myocardial Infarction (MI)

A heart attack – where a blockage in a coronary artery impedes the flow of blood to the heart muscle.


Chest pain caused by a reduced blood supply to the heart muscle.

Cardiac Arrhythmia

The term used for someone presenting with an abnormal heart beat. If fast this may result in palpitations; if slow it can cause dizzy spells or, on rare occasions, blackouts.

Acute Coronary Syndrome

Acute coronary syndrome is the term used to describe a patient who experiences severe chest pain (angina), which often occurs at rest, lasts for more than 15 or 20 minutes and does not respond to nitrolingual (GTN) spray. This often heralds the onset of a heart attack or unstable angina. Accompanying symptoms sometimes include shortness of breath, sweating, nausea or occasionally vomiting.